RBP4 variants are significantly associated with plasma RBP4 levels and hypertriglyceridemia risk in Chinese Hans.
Journal of lipid research 2009 ; 50: 1479-86.
Wu Y, Li H, Loos RJ, Qi Q, Hu FB, Liu Y, and Lin X
DOI : 10.1194/jlr.P900014-JLR200
PubMed ID : 19287041
PMCID : PMC2694346
We previously found that plasma RBP4 levels were strongly associated with metabolic syndrome components. This study aimed to determine whether RBP4 variants are associated with the metabolic syndrome components and plasma RBP4 levels, and to investigate whether the associations between plasma RBP4 and the metabolic syndrome components are causal. Five tagSNPs were tested for their associations with plasma RBP4 levels and metabolic syndrome components in a population-based sample of 3,210 Chinese Hans. A possible causal relationship between plasma RBP4 levels and hypertriglyceridemia was explored by Mendelian randomization. Plasma RBP4 levels were significantly associated with rs10882273 (betaz -0.10SD[-0.17, -0.03], P = 0.0050), rs3758538 (betaz -0.13SD[-0.24, -0.02], P = 0.0249) in all participants, and with rs17108993 in Shanghai participants (betaz -0.19SD[-0.32, -0.05], P = 0.0061). The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3758538 was significantly associated with hypertriglyceridemia (OR 0.62[0.45-0.85], P = 0.0026) and triglycerides (betaz -0.19SD[-0.30, -0.07], P = 0.001) in all participants. In Mendelian randomization analysis, the observed effect size of association between rs3758538 and hypertriglyceridemia was different from the expected effect size (P = 0.0213). This is the first study to show that the RBP4 variants are significantly associated with plasma RBP4 levels and hypertriglyceridemia risk in Chinese Hans. However, results of Mendelian randomization do not support the hypothesis that RBP4 levels are causally related to hypertriglyceridemia risk.