Association of faecal elastase 1 with non-fasting triglycerides in type 2 diabetes.
Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.] 2015 ; 16: 563-9.
Rathmann W, Haastert B, Oscarsson J, Berglind N, Lindkvist B, and Wareham NJ
DOI : 10.1016/j.pan.2016.03.015
PubMed ID : 27086060
PMCID : PMC6215701
URL : https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1424390316300084
Intestinal absorption of esterified fatty acids depends on exocrine pancreatic function and influences plasma triglycerides levels. The aim was to investigate the association of reduced exocrine pancreatic function (low fecal elastase-1; FE1) with plasma triglycerides in type 2 diabetes and controls without diabetes.
FE1 (μg/g stool) and non-fasting plasma triglyceride measurements were undertaken in 544 type 2 diabetes patients (age: 63 ± 8 years) randomly selected from diabetes registers in Cambridgeshire (UK), and 544 matched controls (age, sex, practice) without diabetes. Linear regression models were fitted using FE1 as dependent and log-triglycerides as independent variable adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, alcohol consumption, serum lipase, HbA1c, and smoking.
FE1 concentrations were lower (mean ± SD: 337 ± 204 vs. 437 ± 216 μg/g, p < 0.05) and plasma triglycerides were higher (geometric mean */: standard deviation factor: 2.2*/:1.9 vs. 1.6*/:1.8 mmol/l, p < 0.05) in type 2 diabetes compared to controls, respectively. Within the category of type 2 diabetes and controls separately, a 10% increase in plasma triglycerides was associated with 4.5 μg/g higher FE1 concentrations (p < 0.01) after adjusting for confounders. In contrast, in diabetes patients and controls with pathological FE1 (<100 μg/g), low FE1 levels were associated with high plasma triglycerides (significant only in controls).
Non-fasting triglycerides were positively related to FE1 in both type 2 diabetes and controls suggesting that impairment of exocrine pancreas function is influencing plasma triglycerides. Marked loss of exocrine pancreatic function had the opposite effect, resulting in higher levels of plasma triglycerides.