Postnatal growth in preterm infants and later health outcomes: a systematic review.
Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 2015 ; 104: 974-86.
Ong KK, Kennedy K, Castañeda-Gutiérrez E, Forsyth S, Godfrey KM, Koletzko B, Latulippe ME, Ozanne SE, Rueda R, Schoemaker MH, van der Beek EM, van Buuren S, and Fewtrell M
DOI : 10.1111/apa.13128
PubMed ID : 26179961
PMCID : PMC5054880
In preterm infants, poor postnatal growth is associated with adverse neurocognitive outcomes; conversely, rapid postnatal growth is supposedly harmful for future development of metabolic diseases.
In this systematic review, observational studies reported consistent positive associations between postnatal weight or head growth and neurocognitive outcomes; however, there was limited evidence from the few intervention studies. Evidence linking postnatal weight gain to later adiposity and other cardiovascular disease risk factors in preterm infants was also limited.