The association between serum lipids and intraocular pressure in two large UK cohorts.
Madjedi KM, Stuart KV, Chua SYL, Luben RN, Warwick A, Pasquale LR, Kang JH, Wiggs JL, Lentjes MAH, Aschard H, Sattar N, Foster PJ, Khawaja AP, and Modifiable Risk Factors for Glaucoma Collaboration and the UK Biobank Eye and Vision Consortium Modifiable Risk Factors for Glaucoma Collaboration and the UK Biobank Eye and Vision Consortium
DOI : 10.1016/j.ophtha.2022.04.023
PubMed ID : 35500606
URL : https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161642022003116
Serum lipids are modifiable, routinely collected blood tests associated with cardiovascular health. We examined the association of commonly collected serum lipid measures (total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG)) with intraocular pressure (IOP).
Cross-sectional study in the UK Biobank and EPIC-Norfolk cohorts.
We included 94 323 participants of UK Biobank (mean age 57 years) and 6 230 participants of EPIC-Norfolk (mean age 68 years) with data on TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG collected between 2006-2009.
Multivariable linear regression adjusting for demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric, medical and ophthalmic covariables was used to examine the associations of serum lipids with IOPcc.
Higher levels of TC, HDL-C and LDL-C were independently associated with higher IOPcc in both cohorts after adjustment for key demographic, medical and lifestyle factors. For each standard deviation increase in TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C, IOPcc (mmHg) was higher by 0.09 (95% CI: 0.06-0.11; P<0.001), 0.11 (95% CI 0.08-0.13; P<0.001), 0.07 (95% CI: 0.05-0.09, P<0.001), respectively in the UK Biobank cohort. In the EPIC-Norfolk cohort, each additional standard deviation in TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C was associated with a higher IOPcc (mmHg) by 0.19 (95% CI 0.07-0.31, P=0.001), 0.14 (95% CI 0.03-0.25, P=0.016), and 0.17 (95% CI 0.06-0.29, P=0.003). An inverse association between TGs and IOP in the UK Biobank (-0.05, 95% CI -0.08 to -0.03, P<0.001) was not replicated in the EPIC cohort (P=0.30).
Our findings suggest that serum TC, HDL-C and LDL-C are positively associated with IOP in two UK cohorts and TGs may be negatively associated. Future research is required to assess whether these associations are causal in nature.